The Stay of Final Judgment Motion While Appealing a Family Court Case in Florida
By Family Law Appeals Attorney Eduardo J. Mejias
Practicing Exclusively Family Law Since 2011
We Can Represent You In Appeals from Family Courts Anywhere In Florida
A Stay Of Final Judgment While Appealing a Family Law Case Is Very Unlikely To Succeed In Florida
In family law it is extraordinarily difficult for a motion to stay a final judgment pending an appeal to succeed. To understand why, one must examine the Florida Rules of Appellate Procedure 9.310, the law that governs the issuance of stays pending appellate review.
Rule 9.310 mandates the family court’s issuance of a stay of a judgment that is final only under two circumstances: (1) when the state or a public entity files a notice of appeal and (2) when a litigant posts a bond that is equal to (a) the amount of the “money judgment” against that party, (b) plus interest for the period until the judgment is paid, at twice the statutory interest rate. The first criteria would not apply to most family law cases, such as divorces, paternity disputes or DCF dependency cases, since they involve private litigants such as spouses and parents.
One might think that money paid in a divorce for alimony, child support or equitable property distribution might be subject to stays of execution. But, Florida law considers none of these examples to be “money judgments”. Appellate courts have repeatedly ruled that the enforcement of alimony and child support orders are imbued with the public interest of ensuring the support of family members, thus making them more important than mere debts to be collected.
And equitable distribution orders, such as conveying title to a house or a car or dividing a retirement account, have been classified as acts that have to be performed, rather than money judgments. Therefore, neither alimony, child support or equitable distribution orders can automatically get a stay of a final judgment by the posting of a bond.
If no part of a family court judgment can be automatically stayed, can the family judge, in his or her discretion, choose to issue a stay? In theory, yes, but it is difficult to envision a scenario where this would happen.
Decisions involving custody time-sharing and parenting are based on present realities, not future projections. To allow a stay of a custody judgment, merely because the losing parent filed a notice of appeal and a motion to stay, would defeat what was already determined to be in the child’s current best interests.
Although not considered as important as children, equitable distribution judgments in a divorce are also subject to the divided assets’ current values. Assets may rise and fall in value while the appellate process unfolds. Just as importantly, many litigants cannot afford to post a bond that equals the value of the contested asset plus interest at twice the statutory rate.
In summary, stays of family court judgments are highly unlikely to succeed in a Florida family court, as unlikely as falling snow flakes.
How AAA Family Law Can Help You
If you have any questions about about a stay of final judgments in or appealing your family court judgment, I encourage you to call AAA Family Law at (407) 260-6001 and schedule an initial consultation. At the consultation: (1) I will listen to your explanation of your case and your reasons to consider appealing it (2) I will give you my family lawyer's opinion regarding the likelihood of a successful appeal (sometimes subject to later modification after additional research) and (3) I will quote you an attorney retainer fee that will be a flat rate for the total of the serve, not an hourly rate whose to total you cannot predict.
Our retainer fees for appeals of final orders in Florida range between $3,600 and $6,000 depending on their level of complexity. For non-final orders they are between $2,400 and $4,800. See Family Lawyer Retainer Fees for more information on the court costs and the range of attorney fees for all categories of cases that we work on.
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