Measuring Income In Family Law
By Orlando Family Law Attorney Eduardo J. Mejias
Practicing Exclusively Family Law Since 2005
Income Affects The Outcome Of Divorce, Paternity, Modifications and DCF Cases
In family law income is open to rigorous scrutiny. And the income of each of the parties in a case impacts the outcome of divorces, paternity, modification actions and even DCF dependency cases. Since people are typically uncomfortable discussing their income with strangers, this is a sensitive topic in family law cases.
In divorce or paternity cases involving the time-sharing of children, each parent’s net monthly income is factored into the Child Support Guidelines established by Chapter 61.30, Florida Statutes.
In divorces, with or without children, the spouses' incomes largely (but not entirely) determine whether alimony is available, and if so, how much it should be.
In dependency cases, the Department of Children and Families (DCF), regardless of why they initially filed a petition, always seeks verification of an offending parent’s income before agreeing to a reunification.
This is how Florida family law courts measure each type of income:
Fixed Salaries or Wages
Individuals who earn a fixed weekly or bi-weekly amount usually just have to complete a financial affidavit and produce their most recent pay stub.
Commissions and Tips
Family law judges will simply examine the party’s last three annual tax returns and if all other factors are equal, establish what the average annual commission for that person is. If the individual has only worked at a commissioned sales job for less than two years, the court will perform the same function with several months of pay stubs.
Courts realize that restaurant servers and other types of service providers rely heavily on tips. Thus, family law judges will treat a litigant’s tips the same way they do commissions: by arriving at an average.
Yes, courts will consider your bonus as income, even if it is not necessarily a monthly or annual occurrence. While no exact threshold exists, if you’re more likely than not to receive a bonus at a certain point in the year, it will be considered income for child support and alimony purposes.
These are also considered income. In fact, Section 61.30, Florida Statutes expressly includes allowances (whether for permanent housing or lodging) as income. This holds true even when the employee never actually receives the allowance because the employer pays it directly to landlord or hotel.
Alimony and Child Support From a Prior Marriage
Alimony is considered income, but child support is not.
Other Income Issues
Two other income issues often dominate a family law case. Read about these in Family Law On Imputed Income For Underemployment and Business Income In A Divorce.
Get A Free Initial Consultation From Experienced Divorce Attorney
If you are involved in situation that may require a family law attorney, I encourage you to call AAA Family Law at (407) 260-6001 and schedule a thirty-minute free initial consultation.
At the consultation I will (a) carefully listen to your description of the situation, (b) present you with a plan of legal action to address the issues you are facing and (c) quote you an attorney retention fee that will be a fixed or flat amount that you will know before you sign a contract or make a payment, not an hourly rate whose total payment is unpredictable.
These are the ranges off attorney retainer fees for the types of family law cases mentioned on this page. The actual amount of the fee within these ranges depends on the degree of complexity of the case.
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