Family Law On Imputing Income For Underemployment


By Orlando Family Lawyer Eduardo J. Mejias

Practicing Exclusively Family Law Since 2005


What Does It Mean to Be Underemployed?

In family law, underemployment is about being unemployed, or earning substantially less income than in the past. How underemployment income is calculated affects child support and alimony payments. 

As discussed in Measuring Income In Family Law, litigants in a divorce or a paternity matter must produce numerous documents that establish their current income. Answering all the questions in these documents may be cumbersome to produce for a divorcing couple. However, this is what makes possible for courts can eventually pinpoint an employed litigant’s income from them.

But for family law litigants that are underemployed, it gets more complicated. One of these several scenarios may occur:

Is Recent Underemployment Voluntary or Not?

First, the family law attorneys will battle over whether the party’s current underemployed status is voluntary or involuntary.

Naturally, the side seeking an increased child support or alimony amount will develop facts that tend to prove that the unemployed parent either quit a job for dubious reasons, and/or has not earnestly looked for similar work since leaving the former position.

Conversely, the attorney representing the unemployed party will try to convince the family law court that his client was terminated or laid off for reasons beyond his control, and that he has made good-faith, albeit unsuccessful efforts find equally lucrative employment.

Most family law judges will not hesitate to impute (assign) a former, higher income to a parent if the other side has met the burden of proof in establishing that the paying parent put him or herself in that position. Judges loathe litigants who deliberately earn less money in an effort to avoid paying child support or alimony.

However, the burden of proof remains with the party arguing underemployment. Many jobs  are heavily dependent on economic cycles. A contractor who was earning six figures 10 years ago may indeed only be assigned his current annual salary of $40,000.00. Each case must truly be examined on its own merits.

Extended Unemployment

This scenario is most common for a wife who once had a career, but has devoted the last several years of her life to being a “stay-at-home” mother. Contrary to popular belief, family law courts do not simply assign her an income of “zero”.

Assuming she is able-bodied and under 65, the alimony-receiving wife’s income will at least be projected at the minimum wage for a 40-hour work week. If she possesses some relevant job experience, as well as a college degree, a court may assign her an income considerably higher than a minimum wage. Under no circumstances, however, will a court impute her an income higher than she has ever earned before. 

Voluntary Change in Careers or Return to School

Occasionally, a parent is transitioning from a well-established career to a new career, or is temporarily foregoing a lucrative income to pursue opportunities in higher education. How do family law courts impute incomes to these litigants?

The party who is making the career change has the burden of proof in establishing that the career change will benefit the children while they are still minors (will earn more money before the children turn 18). If that parent meets that burden of proof, he or she will not be imputed a former income, and will probably just be assigned a minimum wage. However if the parent is changing careers merely to “find themselves”, the family law judge will assuredly impute the former income.

How To Get Help

If you have any questions about the imputation of income, feel free to contact AAA Family Law at 407-260-6001, and schedule a free thirty-minute consultation with Orlando family lawyer Eduardo C. Mejias.

 At this free consultation I will (a) carefully listen to your situation, (b) outline a plan of legal action and (c) quote you a fixed lawyer retainer fee that you will know before you make any payments or sing a contract, not an unpredictable hourly rate whose total you would not know until the case is closed.

For additional information on attorney retainer fees click on Attorney Fees.


To find more information on Family Law topics, please go to 
the Articles section.